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ulun danu beratan

Bali is an island with a beutiful tourist destination in Asia, attracting more than 1,000,000 tourists from all over the world. Geographically, Bali is strategically located between the islands of Java and Lombok. Bali stretches about 140 km from west to east and 80 km from south to north. Bali Island is a province in Indonesia with the capital city of Denpasar. Originally, Bali was located in the western part of the Nusa Tenggara Islands and was included in the Lesser Sunda Province with Singaraja as the capital. Now Bali is divided into three provinces: Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, and East Nusa Tenggara. The 2020 population census recorded that Bali Island has a total population of 4,317,404 people with a population density of 747 people/km2.

All you need to know About Bali Islands:

Bali Islands Regency

With a stunning size, the Bali Island is divided into nine regencies, (including eight regencies and one municipality), each with its own capital city. Each regency has its own tourist attraction with a distinctive area. Here is the division of regencies in Bali and their respective areas:

  1. Buleleng Regency with an area of 1,365.88 km2
  2. Tabanan Regency with an area of 1,013.88 km2
  3. Jembrana Regency with an area of 841,80 km2
  4. Karangasem Regency with an area of 839,54 km2
  5. Badung Regency with an area of 420,09 km2
  6. Denpasar Capital City with an area of 123,98 km2
  7. Gianyar Regency with an area of 368 km2
  8. Klungkung Regency with an area of 315,00 km2
  9. Bangli Regency with an area of 520,81 km2

Mount Volcano in Bali Islands


The Bali Island is not only an amazing tourist destination, but it is also the location of some very beautiful volcanoes. Some of these include Mount Abang, Mount Batur, and Mount Batukaru, but the most impressive and highest is Mount Agung. Mount Agung, as the highest peak in a series of volcanoes from west to east, last erupted in 1963. Located just 8 to 9 degrees south of the equator, Bali has a tropical climate with two seasons, rainy and dry, with an average temperature of around 28C. The plains in the southern part of the island are a feast for the eyes with Bali’s famous rice terraces, creating one of the most beautiful rice paddy landscapes in the world.

Source of Livelihood in Bali

Before Bali Island became a tourism destination, the livelihood of the population was based on the agriculture, plantation, and service sectors. However, as the tourism industry entered, many residents shifted to this sector, working in art shops, hotels, restaurants, travel agents, and tourist attraction managers. Most of Bali’s population is now involved in the tourism sector, with only a few working in government, industry, and food. In the hilly north coast area, the main products include coffee, copra, spices, vegetables, rice, and livestock.

Religion in Bali Islands

The Balinese have strong spiritual roots, keeping their culture alive despite the constant flow of tourism. The main religion in Bali is Hindu Dharma, originating from India, but in practice has merged with Buddhism, Javanese, and ancient indigenous beliefs.

Temple at Bali Islands


Temples in Bali are places of worship for Hindus, with every family having a family temple to worship Hyang Widhi and their ancestors. Thousands of temples are scattered throughout the Bali Island, and ceremonies or rituals can almost be encountered every day. The five main ceremonies involve honouring God, ancestors, priests, human life, and ceremonies for evil spirits. Since 1970, the famous tourist area is Kuta, which is now a major tourism centre with white sandy beaches, good waves, and beautiful sunsets. With hundreds of hotels, shops, bars and restaurants, Kuta is now a major destination and reflects the island’s diverse and ever-evolving charm.

Balinese People Bounded to Social Aspect of Life

Balinese people are closely related to the social aspects of their lives. They live in a customary village system that must be followed to create a balance of life. Traditional Balinese society is bound to various social aspects, including:

  1. Obligation to worships God through a aprticular temple
  2. Obligation to worships God through a family temple or community temple
  3. Attached ownership of property which belong to aprticular Subak (irrigation system in Bali)
  4. To the social status based on varna
  5. To the closed relationships in line with patrilineal system
  6. To the memberships of certain group
  7. To the official administration sub district

Hotel in Bali Islands

In Bali’s booming tourism sector, various lodgings have begun to emerge, especially in the Badung area which is dominant in the Kuta, Nusa Dua, Seminyak, and Legian areas. For those who want tranquillity, resort options in Sanur, Ubud, Candidasa, and Amed on the east coast are favoured. If looking for 5-star hotels, most are in Nusa Dua, on the island’s southern peninsula. Meanwhile, the central village of Ubud in the hills of Gianyar has developed as a tourist attraction and is recognised as Bali’s artistic and cultural centre.

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